Canada’s last volcanic eruption occurred on Nisg̱a’a Lands approximately 300 years ago. The lava destroyed everything in its path, sparked fires in the surrounding forests, and covered two Nisg̱a’a Villages. More than 2,000 people perished. Today, the vast lava beds still dominate Nisg̱a’a Lands. They serve as a memorial to those who lost their lives and as a reminder of the importance of kwhlixhoosa’anskw (respect)—for both the natural world and the wisdom of the elders.